Elliott Wave Theory Explained with Examples – Wave’s Cycle

| November 24, 2014

Basic Concept of Elliott Wave theory explained with examples – Wave’s Cycle, is a part of very first chapter of my book “Practical Application of Elliott’s Wave Principles by Deepak Kumar”. Many of my followers and blog readers requested me to explain Elliott wave’s cycles in details so that they can understand better. 

So, I am just copying very first chapter “Wave’s Cycle and Principles of Elliott’s Wave Theory” of my book in this Article/Lesson. And I hope this article will be enough to make you understand everything about Elliott’s Wave Cycles.

This chapter covers only basics of Elliott Wave Theory that you need keep in your mind before going forward. These are just simple wave’s rules but applicable in every pattern and in every conditions. I am not adding any real time chart in first chapter as it may confuse you in the start and tried to explain the basics of Elliott Wave Theory  with imaginary graphs and figure to make you understand easily. Don’t try to think hard and compare these imaginary figures with real time chart but, just try to understand the concept. Elliott Wave Theory explained in later chapters with lots of examples on real time charts. So let’s start from simple end.

Elliott observed that every financial market, stocks or financial instrument moves in zigzag formation and called it wave’s cycles. And that zigzag formation consists of a set of 5 waves in the direction of Primary/Main/Bigger trend followed by a set of 3 waves opposite to direction of main trend.

Note:  – If we see the history of market from start, the main/primary trend is always up as the market cannot go below zero. In this book, most of the examples I covered with uptrend (bullish trend) as main trend and down trend (bearish trend) as corrections. But the rules are applicable same on both bullish and bearish market.  

  • The set of 5 waves in the direction of main trend he called “Impulsive” or “Impulse”.
  • And the set of 3 waves opposite to the direction of main trend he called “Corrective” of “Correction” 

In this Article, 

  • All the inner/lower degree waves of “Impulsive” (set of 5 waves) will be marked as 1,2,3,4 and 5.
  • All the inner/lower degree waves of “Corrective” (set of 3 waves) will be marked as A, B and C.

Let me show you the imaginary figure to make you understand visually: – 

Just see the image (1.1) given below, it is just a simple imaginary representation of movement of market based on Elliot Waves Theory. Just read the points and try to identify it on image.

Five waves move (impulsive) started from point “0” and completed at point “5” were’

  1. Inner wave 1 started from points “0” and completed at point “1”
  2. Inner wave 2 started from points “1” and completed at point “2”
  3. Inner wave 3 started from points “2” and completed at point “3”
  4. Inner wave 4 started from points “3” and completed at point “4”
  5. Inner wave 5 started from points “4” and completed at point “5” 
Elliott Wave Theory Explained

Elliott Wave Theory Explained (Image 1.1)

Thus, a whole impulsive is completed from point 0 to 5. Now, after completion of Impulsive;

Three waves move (corrective) started from point “5” (end of impulsive) and completed at point “C” were: –

  1. Inner wave A started from points “5” (end of impulsive) and completed at point “A”
  2. Inner wave B started from points “A” and completed at point “B”
  3. Inner wave C started from points “B” and completed at point “C”

Now, I assume that points of “Impulsive” and “Corrective”  is clear to you and now we can go little deeper to understand it better.

As you learned above, Impulsive is consisting of Five Waves 1,2,3,4 and 5 in the direction of main trend and corrective consist of Three Waves A, B and C opposite to the direction of main trend.

But if you see deeply within Impulsive (set of 5 waves up move marked as 1,2,3,4 and 5), Inner/lower degree wave 1, 3 and 5 are in the direction of main trend but wave 2 and 4 are opposite to the direction of main trend.

Here you need to learn,

Within Impulsive,

Every inner wave 1, 3 and 5 of is also small/inner impulsive of lower degree. Means, inner wave 1, 3 and 5 that are in the direction of main trend are also consist of 5 smaller waves.

And wave 2 and 4 of are corrective waves of lower degree. Means, inner waves 2 and 4 that are opposite to the direction of main trend are consist of 3 smaller waves (a,b and c).

Thus, a combination of 3 Impulsive and 2 corrective forms a Bigger impulsive.

And Within Correctives,

Inner/Lower Degree wave A and C are impulsive of lowest degree which consists of 5 inner waves whereas B is corrective of smallest degree and consist of 3 inner waves (abc). 

Just see the image (1.2) and try to identify Impulsives and correctives.

Concept of Elliott Wave Theory Explained (Image 1.2)

Concept of Elliott Wave Theory Explained (Image 1.2)

In this image, I just broke down bigger waves into smaller/lower degree wave. Here bigger wave are marked as big characters 12345 and ABC whereas lower degree/inner waves are marked as small characters (I, ii, iii, iv and v) and (a, b and c).

Just read the image carefully and try to identify how I represented waves 1, 3, 5, A and C as impulsive (5 waves moves) and wave 2, 4 and B as corrective (3 waves move).   

In the same way, 

Completion of smaller set of 5 waves move is a completion of bigger Impulsive and the start of bigger correction that will correct that full bigger impulsive and the cycle goes on. Let me show you on image (1.3).

Concept of Elliott Wave Theory Explained (Image 1.3)

Concept of Elliott Wave Theory Explained (Image 1.3)

And market moves in this formation only, Completing bigger impulsive followed by bigger correction. The up move till the bigger impulsive is Bull Market and later correction is Bear Market  followed by the start of new Bull Phase that goes well above previous high again. And the cycle goes on.

Example: – The completion of bigger impulsive in 2008, most of the world’s market completed bigger Bull cycle in 2008 followed by bigger correction that fell almost 60-70-% of total upside of history followed by start of new bull trend for new cycle. See the chart (1.4) below.

 

Basics of Elliott Wave Theory Explained (Chart 1.4)

Basics of Elliott Wave Theory Explained (Chart 1.4)

I hope you are familiar with basic cycles of Elliott Wave Theory now, which says every impulsive is consist of a set of 5 waves followed by a correction which is a set of 3 waves.

  • Wave 1 is impulsive which a set of 5 inner waves.
  • Wave 2 is corrective for wave 1 that corrects wave 1 which is a set of 3 inner waves
  • Wave 3 is again impulsive after completion of wave 2 which a set of 5 inner waves.
  • Wave 4 is corrective for wave 3 that corrects only wave 3 which is a set of 3 inner waves.
  • Wave 5 is again impulsive after completion of wave 4 which a set of 5 inner waves.

Completion of a set of 5 waves forms a bigger wave 1 and there is a start of bigger corrective wave 2 which is again a set of 3 waves “ABC” that corrects whole set of 5 waves (bigger wave 1). Where: – 

  • Wave A is impulsive which a set of 5 inner waves.
  • Wave B is corrective for wave A that corrects wave A which is a set of 3 inner waves
  • Wave C is again impulsive after completion of wave B which a set of 5 inner waves.

Turn back and read once more if you are not clear of the concept and the step forward to next topic of “Basic Rules of Elliott Wave Theory”. And proceed on next lesson: 

Basic Rules of Elliott Wave Theory:  

You already learned about the wave’s cycles of EWT and now, it’s the time to know 3 basic rules applicable on waves. I am not explaining every rule and condition here in this topic but just stating three basic principles to remember that are the back bone of EWT. All the predictions, calculations of entry levels, stoploss and targets are based on these 3 primary rules only. These are: –

  1. Wave 2 can never correct more than 100% of wave 1, i.e. Wave 2 can never go below the start of wave 1.
  2. Wave 3 can never be the shortest wave in full 5 wave’s cycle. Means, wave 3 can never be shorter than both 1 and 5.
  3. Wave 4 cannot overlap wave 2, i.e wave 4 cannot go below the end of wave 1 or start of wave 2. There are exceptions in this rule that will be explained later.

Isn’t it easy to remember?

Though these three rules are not everything about Elliott Wave’s Theory but these three simple rules will help you a lot in identifying patterns, predicting levels and taking low risk entries in market for high profit. And I will explain everything in next chapters how to use these rules for profitable trading. For now, just remember these 3 rules.

This is the wave’s cycle that every financial Instrument including Stocks, Indexes, Commodities, and Currencies follows. Not only long term but every single move even a 5 minutes move have same wave’s cycle in its internal structure. It is a natural law, a path on which the stock market moves.

But this is just the start or you can say beginning or concept of Elliott wave theory I explained in this article. Though every financial instrument follows the same pattern but you will not see it clearly on real time charts as I shown in imaginary figures. Every wave of this Elliott’s Wave Cycle has separate personality, separate calculation and separate internal structure in different conditions.

There are some real charts given below where I applied Elliott Wave Principles in real life and also traded on that. See every chart and read till the end.

Basics of Elliott Wave Theory Explained on chart

Basics of Elliott Wave Theory Explained on chart

 

Basics of Elliott Wave Theory Explained on chart

Basics of Elliott Wave Theory Explained on chart

 

Elliott Wave Theory Explained on chart

Elliott Wave Theory Explained on chart

 

Elliott Wave Theory Explained on chart

Elliott Wave Theory Explained on chart

 

Elliott Wave Theory Explained on chart

Elliott Wave Theory Explained on chart

 

Elliott Wave Theory Explained on chart

Elliott Wave Theory Explained on chart

It may be very difficult for you to understand these charts because you don’t have complete knowledge and it is almost impossible to make you understand if don’t know everything about EWT. But those who have complete knowledge of Elliott Wave’s Theory can understand and identify these charts in first look only.

Most of the analysts find Elliott’s Wave Theory confusing just because they don’t have complete knowledge and they try to follow short cuts or they are just misguided. But in reality, Elliott wave theory is simplest, Easiest and most accurate analyzing method if you understand it completely. And it is easy to learn once you start with a perfect guide because every condition, every pattern and every calculation is inter-related to each other.

Also Read,

Practical Application of Elliott’s Wave Principles by Deepak Kumar

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Category: EWT Articles

About the Author ()

Deepak Kumar is an independent Technical Analyst, regular practitioner and Trainer of Elliott wave theory applying Elliott's Wave Principles on Indian Markets successfully since 2011 and made many accurate predictions. He is also the author of book "Practical Application of Elliott's Wave Principles by Deepak Kumar"

Comments (12)

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  1. Paranjothy says:

    Mr Kumar,
    I am very keen to learn ELLIOTT Wave, please let me know how to go about.
    Tq

  2. as.kumar says:

    Sir, in above explanation, rules like, wave 3 is longest or wave 4 cannot overlap wave 2 are just BASIC, and also there is lot more to Elliot Wave Theory. So the conclusion is, at times, Elliot Wave Theory dose not follow its own BASIC rules. Correct me if i am wrong. Thanking you for a good article.

    • Deepak Kumar says:

      Dear AS Kumar,

      Every Chart 100% follows Elliott Wave Rules and there is no doubt. But You are misunderstanding what I tried to say here. I said these are just basic rules, where I just shown how wave’s cycle works but,

      there every wave have different types of patterns, different personalities and different calculations.

      There is inter relation between every wave, and nature of next wave is always related to previous wave.

      And all these wave’s cycles, wave’s personalities, wave’s calculations and wave’s patterns when combines makes Elliott wave theory which shows you next move of market well in advance.

      And one more thing you observed wrong here, and many think wrong like you. I said, “Wave 3 can never be shortest” but you are understanding that “Wave 3 is always longest”. There is big difference in both statement.

      I means to say, “Either wave 1 or 5 can be bigger than 3 but both 1 and 5 can never be biggest than 3, means wave 3 can never be shortest.

      But your statement says, “Wave 3 is always longer than both wave 1 and 5″.

      And I means to say, This article is just to give you Idea what Elliott Wave Theory is. But there is lot you must know to use this Elliott Wave Theory in real analysis that’s what I explained in my book.

  3. anil wadhwa says:

    one of in example above you have mentioned that image (1.9)
    there you numbered the waves 12345
    according to waves theory between 1,3 and 5 number 3 wave should be longest in 1,3 and 5..in that image you pointed 5 wave as longest.kindly explain that how you have mentioned
    or i am getting or reading it wrongly

    • Deepak Kumar says:

      Dear Anil,

      It is not necessary that wave 3 must be longest. There are different conditions based on different personalities of waves. And length of wave 5 is not calculated with respect to wave 3. This article is just a basic concept of Elliott Wave Theory and there different calculations, personalities and patterns for every single wave. Rules like, wave 3 is longest or wave 4 can not overlap wave 2 are just basics, there is a lot more in EWT.

      This article can only explain what are wave’s cycles only. Calculation of waves, personalities of waves, wave’s patterns, exceptional rule etc are other important things to know.